Psalm 48

The City of God's Greatness



Psalm 48 is a hymn of praise that extols the greatness and beauty of the city of God. As we study this psalm from a New Covenant perspective, we will see how it points to Jesus Christ as the ultimate fulfillment of the city of God. We will explore the themes of God's presence and protection, the joy and security found in His city, and the everlasting glory of His reign.

Section 1: God's Presence and Protection (vs 1-3)

"Great is the Lord, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, in the mountain of His holiness. Beautiful in elevation, the joy of the whole earth, is Mount Zion on the sides of the north, the city of the great King. God is in her palaces; He is known as her refuge."

Talking Points:

Harmony: Matthew 28:20 (NIV), "And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age."


Section 2: The Joy and Security of God's City (vs 4-8)

"For behold, the kings assembled, they passed by together. They saw it, and so they marveled; they were troubled, they hastened away. Fear took hold of them there, and pain, as of a woman in birth pangs, as when You break the ships of Tarshish with an east wind. As we have heard, so we have seen in the city of the Lord of hosts, in the city of our God: God will establish it forever."

Talking Points:

Harmony: Revelation 21:2-3 (NIV), "I saw the Holy City, the new Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride beautifully dressed for her husband. And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying, 'Look! God's dwelling place is now among the people, and he will dwell with them. They will be his people, and God himself will be with them and be their God.'"


Section 3: The Everlasting Glory of God's Reign (vs 9-14)

"We have thought, O God, on Your lovingkindness, in the midst of Your temple. According to Your name, O God, so is Your praise to the ends of the earth; Your right hand is full of righteousness. Let Mount Zion rejoice, let the daughters of Judah be glad, because of Your judgments. Walk about Zion, and go all around her. Count her towers; mark well her bulwarks; consider her palaces; that you may tell it to the generation following. For this is God, our God forever and ever; He will be our guide even to death."

Talking Points:

Harmony: Revelation 22:5 (NIV), "There will be no more night. They will not need the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, for the Lord God will give them light. And they will reign for ever and ever."



Psalm 48, interpreted through the perspective of the New Covenant in Christ, extols the greatness and security of Mount Zion, representing the presence of God, finding its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus.

The psalmist's description of Mount Zion as the city of the great King prefigures Jesus as the King of kings and the embodiment of God's presence among His people (Revelation 19:16).

The psalmist's proclamation of God's faithfulness and protection aligns with our trust in Jesus, who is our stronghold and refuge in times of trouble (Psalm 91:2, 2 Thessalonians 3:3).

The psalmist's declaration of God's glory and praise invites us to worship and exalt Jesus, who is the radiance of God's glory and the object of our praise (Hebrews 1:3, Philippians 2:9-11).

The psalmist's recognition of God's eternal reign and His guidance even to the ends of the earth points to Jesus' universal authority and His mission to make disciples of all nations (Matthew 28:18-20).

The psalmist's call to walk around Zion and observe its ramparts invites us to consider the security and peace we have in Jesus, who conquered sin and death and offers us eternal life (1 Corinthians 15:55-57).

Psalm 48 celebrates the greatness and security of Mount Zion, finding its ultimate fulfillment in Jesus Christ, our exalted King, and the source of our worship and refuge.