Fulfillment of Prophecy: Several Psalms are traditionally understood by Christians as Messianic prophecies — that is, they foretell the coming of Christ. For instance, Psalm 22 begins with the words "My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?" which are echoed by Jesus on the cross (Matthew 27:46). By understanding these connections, one can appreciate the continuity of God's plan of salvation across both Testaments.
Christ's Use of the Psalms: Jesus Himself referenced the Psalms, often applying them to Himself or His mission. By understanding the Psalms in the context in which Christ used them, believers can gain a deeper insight into His teachings and mission.
Spiritual Reflection and Growth: The Psalms are full of expressions of trust, lament, praise, and worship. By viewing them in light of Christ, believers can connect more deeply with the sentiments expressed, seeing them not just as ancient songs but as relevant prayers for today's Christian experience.
Deepening Worship: The Psalms are, fundamentally, songs of worship. Approaching them with a Christ-focused lens can enrich the worship experience, drawing connections between the worship of the Old Testament saints and the worship of Christ as the revealed Messiah.
Typology: In Christian theology, typology is the study of symbols, often examining how Old Testament figures, events, and institutions can prefigure New Testament realities. Many theologians and scholars believe that aspects of the Psalms serve as types or foreshadows of Christ and His redemptive work.
Unity of Scripture: Understanding the Psalms in light of Christ underscores the unity and cohesiveness of the Bible as a whole. It emphasizes the idea that the Old and New Testaments are not disjointed but rather work together to tell a single, cohesive story of God's redemption.
Personal Edification: For many, seeing Christ in the Psalms brings personal comfort, hope, and reassurance. Recognizing Christ in these ancient texts can be a source of encouragement, reminding believers of the eternal nature of God's promises and the depth of His love and plan for humanity.