Psalm 23

The Shepherd's Care and Provision



Psalm 23 is one of the most beloved and well-known psalms, often referred to as the Shepherd's Psalm. It beautifully portrays God as our loving and faithful Shepherd, who cares for and provides for His people. As we study this psalm from a New Covenant perspective, we will see how it points to Jesus Christ as the ultimate Shepherd who leads, protects, and provides for His flock. We will explore the themes of God's guidance, comfort, abundance, and eternal presence.

Section 1: The Shepherd's Guidance and Provision (vs 1-3)

"The LORD is my shepherd; I shall not want. He makes me lie down in green pastures; He leads me beside quiet waters. He restores my soul; He guides me in the paths of righteousness for His name's sake."

Talking Points:

Harmony: John 10:11 "I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down His life for the sheep."


Section 2: The Shepherd's Presence in Times of Trouble (vs 4)

"Even though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death, I will fear no evil, for You are with me; Your rod and Your staff, they comfort me."

Talking Points:

Harmony: Hebrews 13:5-6 "Keep your lives free from the love of money and be content with what you have, for God has said: 'Never will I leave you, never will I forsake you.' So we say with confidence: 'The Lord is my helper; I will not be afraid. What can mere mortals do to me?'"


Section 3: The Shepherd's Abundant Provision and Eternal Presence (vs 5-6)

"You prepare a table before me in the presence of my enemies; You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows. Surely goodness and mercy shall follow me all the days of my life, and I shall dwell in the house of the LORD forever."

Talking Points:

Harmony: John 14:2-3 "In My Father's house are many rooms. If it were not so, would I have told you that I am going there to prepare a place for you? And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come back and welcome you into My presence, so that you also may be where I am."



Psalm 23, seen through the lens of the New Covenant in Christ, paints a beautiful picture of the tender care and provision that God provides His people, with Jesus as the ultimate Shepherd.

The psalmist's declaration, "The Lord is my shepherd, I shall not want," finds its fulfillment in Jesus, who declares Himself as the Good Shepherd who lays down His life for His sheep (John 10:11).

The psalmist's description of green pastures and still waters represents the spiritual nourishment and refreshment found in Jesus, who offers abundant life and satisfaction to those who follow Him (John 4:14).

The psalmist's guidance through the valley of the shadow of death prefigures the comfort and assurance of Jesus' presence with us in times of trouble and His promise of eternal life (John 11:25-26).

The psalmist's confidence in God's goodness and mercy mirrors the lavish grace and mercy we receive through Jesus' sacrificial death and resurrection (Ephesians 2:4-5).

The psalm concludes with the assurance of dwelling in the house of the Lord forever, pointing to our eternal fellowship with God through Jesus Christ (John 14:2-3). Thus, Psalm 23 portrays the intimate care, provision, and eternal hope found in Jesus Christ, our Shepherd and Savior.